Dill Plant (Anethum graveolens) Quick Facts:
Host plant to Black and Anise Swallowtail Butterflies
Native to the Mediterranean
Full sun, partial sun in hotter climates
Medium moist soil
Doesn’t tolerate extreme heat
Umbels of yellow flowers in late summer
Grows 2 – 3 ft tall
Space 12 inches apart
Can be grown in deep containers
Dill has culinary uses
Plant Dill to Feed Black and Anise Swallowtail Caterpillars!
Dill (Anethum graveolens) is in the celery family, and is a delicious herb that attracts Black and Anise Swallowtail butterflies to your garden. It’s a popular host plant, and the adult female butterflies know to lay their eggs on it for the caterpillars to have a feast.
Although it is native to the Mediterranean, dill has naturalized in parts of Europe and North America. Dill is grown around the world not only for culinary use, but also for its attractive feathery foliage and umbels of yellow flowers. Dill seed and leaves are very popular in many dishes, dressings and dips. You can use dill in a recipe if the caterpillars will share!
Characteristics of Dill Plants
Grown as an annual, Dill plants typically grow around 2-3′ tall. It is erect, with feathery fern-like leaves. Umbels of yellow flowers appear in late summer but do not produce much nectar. Dill is a much better host plant than a nectar plant.
Anethum graveolens likes full sun but does not like hot weather. It grows best in cooler climates, or in spring/early summer in hot climates. Partial shade helps in the hot climates. Dill prefers fertile soil with consistent medium moisture, but will tolerate poor soil,. It can handle dryness but may bolt earlier than normal. Dill will grow in large, deep containers in addition to your garden.
Plant Dill in your garden to feed Black and Anise Swallowtail butterflies!